Intro to the Bible (study #1) – The Book of Books

I’m going to steal borrow Nathan’s idea of blogging as a learning style, and blog the chapter summaries as I make my way through the PTC course I’m doing.

Intro to the Bible

Study 1: The Book of Books

  1. What is the Bible?
  • 66 Books (39 OT / 27 NT)
  • Variety of genres including: law, poetry, narrative, parables, ritual instruction, songs, sermons, prophecies, wisdom, letters, genealogies, apocalyptic
  • 1600 years: C15th BC – 1st AD
  1. What is the Bible’s message?
  • “Gradual unfolding of… God’s gracious plan to reverse the effects of human sin and establish his eternal Kingdom and new creation.” (p.11)
  • Fulfilled in Jesus Christ
  • Creation > Fall > Salvation > Spread of the Gospel > Kingdom of God / New Creation
  1. What are the main divisions in the Bible?
  • Old Testament:
    • English Bible arrangement:
      • Historical Books (Genesis > Esther) / Mixed Poetry (Job > Song of Solomon) / Prophetic Books (Isaiah > Malichi)
    • Hebrew arrangement:
      • The Law: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy – “God’s basic teaching, by which the rest of the bible was to be understood”. (p.12)
      • The Prophets:
        • Former: Joshua, Judges, 1&2 Samuel, 1&2 Kings – “..history of the period from God’s point of view.(p.13)
        • Latter: Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malichi – “ make clear the reason for God’s terrible judgement on Israel and … to reveal God’s plans for the future of his people.” (p.13)
    • The Writings: Psalms, Job, Proverbs, Ruth, Song of Solomon, Ecclesiastes, Lamentations, Esther, Daniel, Ezra, Nehemiah, 1&2 Chronicles. – ” with problems of universal significance for [people] in every age and situation.” (p.14)
  • New Testament:
    • The Gospels: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John – “.. the events surrounding Jesus’ death and resurrection … [by which] Jesus suprememly fulfilled God’s purposes.” (p.15)
    • Other Apostolic Writings: Acts, Romans, 1&2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossian, 1&2 Thessaloninans, 1&2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon, Hebrews, James, 1&2 Peter, 1,2&3 John, Jude, Revelation – these letters deal with pastoral and doctrinal issues facing the early church, give further insight into the implication and significance of Jesus’ death and resurrection and show the OT is fulfilled in Him, and encourage perseverance while awaiting the consummation of God’s purposes.
  1. What does the Bible claim about itself?

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